The top performers in our review are the Coral Vue Octopus protein skimmer, the Reef Octopus, and the Comline DOC 9001. Choosing the best protein skimmer can be difficult if you don’t understand different skimmer types and how they work. The following information may help you make the right choice for your aquarium:
How do Protein Skimmers Work?
A protein skimmer collects dissolved organic compounds before they break down and contribute to the overall bioload of the aquarium. While an aquarium filter will usually collect and contain these compounds, some of it is always brought back into the tank. An aquarium skimmer completely removes these compounds from the aquarium by collecting them in a cup that’s housed outside of the tank.
This is achieved by mixing water with air, which produces millions of tiny bubbles which travel to the collection cup. Proteins, amino-acids and other harmful compounds “attach” to these bubbles, and are effectively removed from your fish tank. The performance of a protein skimmer heavily depends on the size and number of these bubbles.
Types of protein skimmers
There are many different types of marine skimmers available on the market, each with it’s own unique way of generating bubbles. While there is no best protein skimmer type, some are believed to be more efficient than others. The three most common systems are:
Turbo protein skimmers also known as “Needle Wheel” skimmers, draw the air into the pump, where small blades “slice” the air into tiny bubbles, which are mixed with water.
Venturi skimmers use pressure to mix air and water. Although compact and efficient, standalone venturi skimmers are hard to find nowadays, and the venturi design is usually combined with a different design (usually the turbo design).
Counter current skimmers usually feature a single column with separate air and water inputs. Air is forced from the bottom of the column, while water flows from the top. The height of the column affects the number of bubbles being produced, making these protein skimmers ideal for deep fish tanks.
Protein skimmer maintenance
Regular maintenance is necessary with most aquarium supplies – including pretein skimmers. Ease of maintenance is an important factor, as a neglected fish tank skimmer can get clogged, perform poorly, or start to smell. The collection cup needs to be easily removable, and it’s interior needs to be easily accessible. We paid special attention to ease of maintenance while reviewing our 5 best protein skimmers.
1. Coral Vue Octopus Protein Skimmer
We didn’t like: In-sump use only.
There’s no doubt about the quality of the Coral Vue Octopus skimmer. We were impressed by it’s performance and ease of use.
The Hailea OTP pumps and needle wheel impellers offer great bubble production – which is essential for clean water. The wide neck makes bubble collection easy. Additionally, a convenient gate valve allows you to adjust the water levels at any time.
As far as noise goes, we were pleasantly surprised. Despite it’s high bubble production, the Octopus protein skimmer doesn’t appear to be noisy at all.
While being somewhat more pricey than some products we’ve tried, we believe that the Coral Vue is well worth it. Please note that this is an in-sump protein skimmer, and cannot work without a sump.
This protein skimmer is rated for aquariums up to 210 gallons.
2. Reef Octopus Classic HOB Protein Skimmer
We didn’t like: N/A.
If you want an Octopus skimmer, but don’t have a sump to run the Coral Vue, their Classic model is a great choice. This HOB protein skimmer is efficient, well-made, and easy to install. The high-quality acrylic surface seems sturdy and durable, while the powerful Aquatrance 1000 pump ensures good performance.
Like with most hang-on protein skimmers, set-up is fairly simple. Simply attach the Reef Octopus to the back of your aquarium, position the pump, and adjust the intake strainer – and it’s ready to go.
This protein skimmer is rated for marine aquariums up to 105 gallons.
3. Comline DOC Protein Skimmer 9001
We didn’t like: Collection cup lid may be difficult to remove.
If you own a nano reef, you’re going to be limited when looking for marine equipment. The Comline DOC is rated for aquariums up to 37 gallons – which makes it a perfect nano protein skimmer. It’s small footprint ensures easy placement, being only 4.3″ x 2.5″ x 8.5″.
While compact and energy-efficient, the Comline DOC uses its needle-wheel pump system to draw some serious performance. In smaller tanks, we found that it cleans up water in a matter of hours. This small protein skimmer comes equipped with a magnetic holder, which can easily be attached to acrylic or glass up to 3/8″ of thickness.
Compared to other similar products, we found it to be fairly silent and unobtrusive. The only real issue we had with it was the cup lid – it’s a little difficult to remove, making maintenance less easy.
4. Coralife Super Skimmer with Pump
We didn’t like: Installing may be difficult.
This marine protein skimmer boasts some impressive features that boost its performance. The needle-wheel aspiration system comes with a diffuser which prevents small bubbles from escaping into the tank. The dual-injection inlets prolong bubble/water contact time, increasing its efficiency in removing harmful compounds.
Coralife’s Super Skimmer comes in three sizes, fitting saltwater aquariums from 65 to 220 gallons.
Yet another big plus is that the Coralife Super acts as both an in-sump protein skimmer and a HOB skimmer. It can be used in sump – or attached to your tank with a mounting bracket. Unfortunately, we found that the setup may take some time and practice, especially if you’re a beginner. If this doesn’t concern you, we definitely recommend this protein skimmer. It’s a quality, versatile option with many happy owners.
5. SeaClone 100 Protein Skimmer
We didn’t like: More noisy than some competitors.
Although essential, marine skimmers can be expensive. If you’re looking for an efficient product, but don’t want to spend a fortune, the SeaClone 100 protein skimmer is a solid choice. Its turbo-venturi injection system gets the job done, while ensuring good gas exchange.
Similarly to the Coralife Super Skimmer, it offers plenty of versatility. The SeaClone 100 can be used in-sump, or as an external protein skimmer, and is rated for saltwater aquariums up to 100 gallons. If you own a larger tank, the SeaClone 150 offers the same features, but covers aquariums up to 150 gallons.
Sadly, we found this venturi skimmer to be somewhat noisy. It’s not dreadful, and the sound of bubbles very quickly blends into the background, but it’s there.